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Publications
Van Tienhoven Publications

 

Monk Seals in Post-Classical History.


2004 | by Johnson, W.M.
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 39.

The role of the Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus in the history, culture and economy of the Mediterranean region has long remained obscure and subject to error and contradiction. In order to extend historical knowledge of the species beyond the time-frame covered in our companion publication, Monk Seals in Antiquity, a review of the available literature was undertaken covering the period from the fall of Rome to the 20th century. This research indicates that the monk seal in the Mediterranean continued to be exploited for its fur, oil, meat and perceived medicinal properties weIl into the Dark Ages and the Renaissance, albeit on a much-reduced scale than the exploitation witnessed during the Roman era. The species also continued to be a target of Mediterranean fishers, angered over reduced catches and damaged nets. Elsewhere, large, newly-discovered colonies in the eastem Atlantic off the coast of Africa became a lucrative if short-lived industry for French, Portuguese and Spanish explorers. In the Mediterranean, sustained persecution of surviving groups, coupled with increasing human disturbance and deterioration of habitat, appears to have acted selectively against colony forrnation, leading to an inexorable decline and fragmentation of the population. Although described as 'rare' by science in 1779, the species continued to be a target for collectors from zoos and museums until the early 20th century, when extinctions along broad stretches of coastline first became apparent.



For pdf see http://www.monachus-guardian.org/libread.htm

 


 

The Harmonization of Red Lists for threatened species in Europe.


2003 | by Iongh, H.H. de, Banki, O.S., Bergmans, W., & Werff ten Bosch, M.J. van der
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 38.

Proceedings of an International Seminar in Leiden 27 and 28 November 2002.



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Nature in War.


2000 | by Blom, E., Bergmans, W., Dankelman, I., Verweij, P., Voeten, M. & Wit , P. (eds).
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 37.

Biodiversity Conservation during Conflicts. International Seminar, May 12th 2000, Utrecht, The Netherlands.



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Managing the Dry African Savanna.


2000 | by Iongh, H.H. & Prins, H.H.T. (eds).
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 36.

Options for Conservation and Sustainable Use. Seminar, September 19th, 1998, Leiden, The Netherlands.



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Monk Seals in Antiquity.


1999 | by Johnson, W.M. & Lavigne, D.M.
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 35.

The role of the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) in the history and culture of ancient Greece and Rome is poorly documented in contemporary literature and generally misunderstood by many modern scholars. A comprehensive search was initiated therefore to locate all surviving references to the species in the classical literature of the Mediterranean region. The search yielded over 200 references authored by some 60 writers from the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods. Examination of these texts, together with information derived from numerous secondary sources, provides new insights into the monk seal's distribution and abundance in antiquity. It also reveals ancient
human attitudes toward the monk seal that resulted in its exploitation for fur, oil and meat, its use in medicines and entertainment, and its role in mythology and superstition. The accumulated evidence now suggests that many of the large monk seal herds that existed in early antiquity were either dramatically reduced or extirpated by intensive exploitation during the Roman era. Throughout much of its historical range, human persecution and progressive habitat deterioration also appear largely responsible for changing a naturally gregarious beach dweller into a less social and reclusive inhabitant of caves.



For pdf see http://www.monachus-guardian.org/libread.htm

 


 

Ursus (Helarctos) malayanus, the neglected Malayan Sun Bear.


1999 | by Meijaard, E.
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 34.

The sun bear Ursus (Helarctos) malayanus, which occurs in forests of lowland tropical South-east Asia, is the least studied of all ursids(Servheen, 1990). In the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, the sun bear is listed as 'Data Deficient' (IUCN, 1996). Neither much ecological fieldwork has been conducted to investigate sun bear biology, nor have there been any thorough surveys of distribution and population densities. Most of what is known about this bear species is based on research in zoos, and on stories written by colonial hunters of southern and south-eastern Asia. To address the lack of knowledge of this species, its distribution and threats to its survival in Borneo were investigated. This paper provides the results of the investigation and mainly focuses on Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo.



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International Seminar on Species Conservation. The IUCN Red List Categories discussed.


1999 | by Iongh, H. & Prins, H. (eds).
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 33.

International Seminar on Species Conservation, March 17th & 18th, 1998, Leiden, The Netherlands.



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The Reintroduction of Przewalski Horses in the Hustain Nuruu Mountain Forest Steppe Reserve in Mongolia; an Integrated Conservation Development Project.


1998 | by Bouman, I.
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 32.

To be added.



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Voor en Tegen van Herintroductie van Dieren in Nederland.


1997 | by Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.).
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 31.

Teksten van de voordrachten gehouden op een Symposium 1 februari 1996, georganiseerd door de Nederlandsche Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Staatsbosbeheer, en de Vereniging voor Zoogdierkunde en Zoogdierbescherming.



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The Aru Archipelago: Plants, Animals, People, and Conservation.


1996 | by Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.).
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 30.

The Aru archipelago consists of about 80 islands larger than 40 ha, and double that number of smaller islands. The total area is about 788,000 ha, with the seven largest islands totalling 705,000 ha. The largest islands are Terangan (235,000 ha), Kobroor (160,000 ha) and Wokam (162,000 ha). The archipelago is situated between the neck of the Birds Head of New Guinea and Australia and on the edge of the Sahul shelf, a broad submerged part of the Australian continental shelf. Because the last land connection with both New Guinea and Australia probably was only severed about 8,000 years ago, there is a strong resemblance of the fauna and flora with those of New Guinea for the wet areas and Australia for the dry areas. This issue deals with conservation-relevant topics like vegetation, turtles, and dugong. The use of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for interpretation of vegetation, especially for conservation purposes, is explained. There are also chapters on the history of mammal collecting with an annotated list of the collected mammals, and on the snails found in Aru.



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Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, de Stichting tot Internationale Natuurbescherming en het Office Internationale pour la Protection de la Nature.


1996 | by Pelzers, E.
Nederlandse Commissie voor Internationale Natuurbescherming, Mededelingen No. 29.

History of the Netherlands Commission for International Nature Protection and inventory of the archives of the Commission.



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